Welcome to the description page for the Orbital Space Domain Ontology & Terminology Project, by Robert Rovetto (rrovetto[at]terpalum.umd.edu). I want to help build ontologies for space organizations and academia projects. I want my ontologies to be used and developed.
|Goals||- Semantically-rich computational ontologies for orbital objects (spacecraft, debris, etc.), space situational awareness (SSA), spacecraft operations, space traffic management (STM), and applications thereof.
- To help resolve the orbital debris problem by using these ontologies to faciliate the exchange of orbtial debris data, aiming to provide great situational awareness of the orbital space environment.
- To serve as
- To provide a common knowledge model (and shared vocabulary) across federated SSA databases and space object catalogs to achieve: data sharing, integration, search & retrieval; semantic interoperabiltiy; classification; etc.
- To computationally and conceptually represent knowledge of SSA and spacecraft
- The philosophical & formal analysis (and clarification) of fundamental orbital and astrodynamic concepts.
- To use fomral methods to address/resolve orbital debris and SSA space policy issues.
- Yet unknown positive applicaitons
|Scope||To ontologically model: orbital debris, SSA, STM, the orbital & near-Earth space environment, and astronautics. This includes: orbital concepts, satellites and other space objects (and their parts), spacecraft maneuvers and operations, astrodynymic models, observational data, and thus orbital debris ontology (1)(Rovetto, ESI 2015) (PPT Presentation here , (2)SSA ontology(Rovetto & Kelso, 2016)|
|Status||NEEDs funding or opportunity to continue development. Currently unfunded and independently pursued by author. Ontoogies subject to revision. No claims to completeness are made.|
|Seeking / Needing||-Funding or employment to pursue this project. Please DONATE HERE
- Partners: university departments, professors; subject-matter experts, ontology developers, informaticists, computer scientistis, etc.
- Potential applications of these ontologies in space agencies, university projects, or industry
-Author seeks a degree studentship for this project (toward a BS or MS in a space discipline; and/or a PhD in ontology, philosophy, or interdisciplinary dept.)
|Ontology Name||Description||Link to OWL File||Status|
|The Orbital Debris Ontology (ODO)||An ontology of orbital debris objects and their properties. See publications/reference (1 ),(8)||(Contact Author)
Near Future: the ODO OWL file will be located at https://purl.org/space-ontology/odo.owl
|NEEDs funding or opportunity to continue development.
Seeking funding & partners.
|The Space Situational Awareness Ontology (SSAO)||An ontology of the SSA domain, minimally of activities yielding knowledge of orbital space environment. See pub/ref. (2)||(Contact Author)
Near Future: the SSAO OWL file will be located at https://purl.org/space-ontology/ssao.owl
|NEEDs funding or opportunity to continue development
Seeking funding & partners. Possibly renaming to the Orbital Space Environment Ontology(OSO).
|Orbital Ontology Core (“The orbitology ontology”) (OO)||A generic base ontology containing the core orbital terms used by ODO, SSAO and other terms. A general-purpose ontology to ontologically model any orbit from inputted instance data (data on particular satellites). Will be importable into other ontologies needing orbital concepts.||TBD||NEEDs funding or opportunity to continue development.|
|OSO/OSDO/OSEDO - The Orbital Space Ontology / Orbital Space Domain Ontology / Orbital Space Environment Ontology||A single ontology file containing the above modules. The SSAO may be renamed accordingly. A generic formal represenation for the orbital space aboat any central body or astronomical reference frame.||TBD||NEEDs funding or opportunity to continue development.|
|The Space Mission Ontology||An ontology of space mission design and system concepts. A module to focus on the mission-level, but which draws on concepts from other modules, such as spacecraft ontology.||TBD||NEEDs funding or opportunity to develop. Seeking partners.|
|The Space Traffic Management Ontology||An ontology of STM concepts.||TBD||NEEDs funding or opportunity to develop. Seeking partners.|
|The Orbital Object Ontology||An ontology of all objects and their parts in orbit||TBD||NEEDs funding or opportunity to continue development. Seeking partners.|
|The Spacecraft/SpaceSystem Ontology||An ontology of spacecraft and their systems and parts||TBD||NEEDs funding or opportunity to continue development. Seeking partners.|
|The Union of Concerned Scientists Satellite Database Ontology (UCSSO)||A database-specific ontology for the UCS Satellite Database . Uses terms from the other ontologies to demonstrate reuse.||https://purl.org/space-ontology/ucsso||Preliminary version complete, but subject to revisions when/if requested by users or the UCS.|
- SSAO has been used by an ontology-driver orrery project at NASA.
- Other ontology concepts include: Space Weather ontology (SWO), Astrodynamics Modeling Ontology (AMO), Orbital Event & Process Ontology, Orbital Object Ontology, Space Object Ontology, Near-Earth Space Environment Ontology (NESEO), etc.
- These ontologies can be used by (and with) space agency/actor ontologies and data resources, e.g., NASA SWEET ontologies, USAF & DoD projects, IVOA ontologies, EU-funded projects, university or PhD projects, etc.
- Potential for innovation in teaching by applying ontologies to space visualizations/graphical-simulations, and conceptual modeling.
- Potential for reducing complexity in programming by providing a thorough knowledge model
The following publications were unfunded, independent work, and not associated with any of my past or present affiliations.
In-progress (2017-present): NASA Technical Manual with co-author.
Proposal (2018): “Ontology Engineering for Space Systems, Missions, and NASA Data”, NASA Fellowship Activity 2018, NASA Research Announcement NNH18ZHA003N.
White Paper (2019): “Big Data in Space: Improving Spaceflight Safety through Knowledge-based Approaches” (with Dr.J.Luciano, UVI)
(1) “An Ontological Architecture for Orbital Debris Data ”_, Rovetto, R.J. (Aug 6 2015) Earth Science Informatics, 9(1), 67-82 (submitted 2014, online 2015). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. DOI: 10.1007/s12145-015-0233-3. Download Paper (PDF) , https://arxiv.org/abs/1704.01014
(2) “Preliminaries of a Space Situational Awareness Ontology ”_, Rovetto, R,J. and Kelso, T.S. In proceedings of 26th AIAA/AAS Space Flight Mechanics meeting, Napa, California, USA, Feb 14-18th, 2016. Advances in the Astronautical Sciences, Univelt Inc. Download Paper(PDF) , Download PPT Presentation
(3) “The Orbital Space Environment and Space Situational Awareness Domain Ontology – Towards an International Information System for Space Data “, Rovetto, R.J. The Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference (AMOS) 2016. Download Poster (PDF). Download Paper : http://www.amostech.com/TechnicalPapers/2016/Poster/Rovetto.pdf
(4) “Orbital Space Environment and Space Situational Awareness Domain Ontology “, Rovetto, R.J. In CEUR workshop proceedings for The Joint Ontology Workshops, at the 9th International Conference of Formal Ontology for Information Systems (FOIS) Early Career Symposium, Annecy, France July 2016. http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1660/ecs-paper1.pdf
(5) “Ontology Architectures for the Orbital Space Environment and Space Situational Awareness Domain “, Rovetto, R.J. International Workshop on Ontology Modularity, Contextuality, and Evolution at the 9th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Download Paper(PDF)
(7) “Space Object Ontology” Rovetto, R.J. draft (Forthcoming, under journal review since 2016) (NOTE: this work was plagiarized by work elsewhere. Please contact me before you cite any ontology with the same name)
(8) “Orbital Debris Ontology”, PPT presentation (part of SSA panel) at Center for Orbital Debris Education and Researh Workshop, University of Maryland, College Park.
(9) “Ontology for Europe’s Space Situational Awareness Programme”, 7th European Conference on Space Debris, Darmstadt, Germany. Download Paper (PDF) https://conference.sdo.esoc.esa.int/proceedings/sdc7/paper/1046/SDC7-paper1046.pdf. Download Poster(PDF)
(10) “Orbital Space Environment and Space Situational Awareness Domain Ontology” In CEUR Workshop proceedings for The Joint Ontology Workshops at the 9th International Conference of Formal Ontology for Information Systems (FOIS), Early Career Symposium, Annecy, France July 2016. Download Paper(PDF), Download PPT Presentation
- (11) “Ontology” Live Webinar to the NASA Datanauts, Spring 2017 (PPT available on request)
- (13) “Ontology-based Knowledge Management for Space Data”, 68th International Astronautical Congress. September, 2017. Download PDF here
Robert J. Rovetto, (Ontologist, Philosopher, Aspiring student), Google Scholar
- Seeking opportunities: studentships, entry-level employment, contract work. Available as consultant. Seeking mentors.
- Research Affiliate, Center for Orbital Debris Education and Research (CODER), University of Maryland (Unfunded affiliation)
- National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) Datanauts (Unfunded affiliation)
- American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, SA Committee on Standards
- Education Committee member, International Association for Ontology and its Applications
- Emails: rrovetto[at]terpalum.umd.edu (Preferred. Forwards to: email@example.com); robert.rovetto[at]amu.apus.edu; robertjohnrovetto[at]gmail[dot]com
- ORCID Profile, GitHub Homepage
- B.A. Philosophy, Minor Business & Management w/IT focus, Dept. of Philosophy, University of Maryland (2007)
- M.A. Philosophy (ontology focus), Dept. of Philosophy, The State University of New York at Buffalo (2011)
- Coursework in Space Studies MS program, American Military University (APUS) (varia 2009-2013, TBD).
- Maritime training, credentials and experience available on request
History & Context
Orbits and orbital concepts have fascinated me since I was in my teens. In 2011 I thought of applying ontology to help with the orbital debris problem(1), after a astronautics conference presentation in Boulder, Colorado mentioned the need for more debris data-integration and sharing. My idea was to (i) facilitate data sharing/integration so that greater actionable knowledge & awareness of the orbital debris environment can be achieved, as well as to (ii) formally and ontologically model orbital concepts, while also addressing any relevant philosophical questions. After some years pursuing a path away from my orginial love of space, I saw this as a way to return to it, applying what I had studied, continuing my space education, and ideally finding a space career-path.
I want to help build ontologies for the space sector (space orgs., agencies, academia or university projects, space companies, etc.). I want my ontologies to be used by space orgs. I want to learn astrodynamics and any necessary coding skills through a studensthip or employer-funded opportunity. I want to work in a team environment so that I can learn from professionals in the repsective disciplines (astrodynamics, astroinformatics, systems engineering, computer science, knowledge engineering, etc.). But I need to find professors interested in this project (and appropriate departments that will accept my non-stem degree) so I can return to university to get a PhD or other degree (e.g., philosophy, an interedisciplinary program, systems engineering, information studies, etc.). Since 2011 I’ve wanted this project to be a PhD thesis and an opportunity for further space education toward a foot-in-the-door to my original passion–space–and to serve at NASA (or another space org.). This is part of my hopeful vision for a future degree on a space or astronautics topic, and a career in the space sector.
Unfortunately, no opportunity has been forthcoming. I’ve been struggling to find opportunties for this project since conception. Red-tape and my non-stem degrees have been obstacles, despite the fact that many of cohort with identicially backgrounds/degrees were afforded opportunity. Ontology is interdisciplinary and many projects use ontologists from non-STEM background to work on STEM topic areas. Relevant technical skills can and often are learned on the job. Negative experiences of being plagarised and treated poorly created a sense of urgency to realize my project (a work of love, and a life aspiration). This drove me to write and publish at my expense and prematurely. I need and have needed a stable environment to develop my ideas sutainably and toward a mature state. Given my creativity and drive, I need to find professionals who see my potential and would either like to help me realize my project, or afford me the opportunity to work on a related project.
If you are interested in helping realize this project, please contact me.
Computational ontologies are computer-readable terminologies/taxonomies with a formally-specified semantics. The terminologies are encoded in a language that allows computers to draw inferences and answer user-generated queries. Ontologies offer a knowledge model and a shared vocabulary for software applications to draw from and reason over. Ontology class terms (and formal definitions) provide semantic annotation for database terms, which provides meaning to data that users can access. Ontologies can be developed to varying degrees of abstraction and formality, from the highly generic to the domain-specific, from a set of terms in OWL to a full axiomatic theory of a terminology or taxonomy/classification.
Ontology development & engineering is related to aritifial intelligence (AI), informatics, information & data science, linked-data, big data, the semantic web, knowledge graphs, and database management. They are part of the branch of AI known as knowledge engineering. Aims of ontologies include: knowledge representation & reasoning, domain modeling, semantic interoperability, data-exchange, information fusion, data-mining, and data search & retrieval. Having philosophical origins, concepts, distinctions and methodologies from philosophical and formal ontology may or may not be used in contemporary computation ontology. Formal ontology is a branch of analytical metaphysics that uses formal logics to represent an ontological model.
Copyright (c) Robert J. Rovetto 2011-2019. Contact author with questions, and opportunity offers.